After suffering a major blow to trade disruptions with China and Mexico, US pork producers are paying close attention to African swine fever in China and other countries. As of the end of October 2018, there were 45 cases of ASF, 5,439 pigs infected, and 3,841 pigs died.
ASF may cause a shortage of pork in China, and China is the world's largest producer and consumer of pork. Although the trade war has severely restricted exports directly from the United States to China, China may import pork from other countries and regions such as Canada and the European Union, allowing the United States to backfill these markets.
ASF is a highly contagious disease affecting domestic and wild pigs of all ages. Infected animals usually develop high fever, anorexia, lethargy, weakness and bed rest, and most die within 10 days. So far, ASF has no vaccine or treatment. ASF first took place in Africa in the early 20th century and spread to Europe in the 1950s. Before the outbreak of China, ASF has been active in Eastern Europe and Russia, causing huge economic losses. In Russia alone, more than 800,000 pigs died in 2007-2017.
The Chinese government has set up a mandatory isolation zone. All pigs in the quarantine area are euthanized and pig or pig products are prohibited from leaving the quarantine area. Pigs are not allowed to enter the quarantine. If no new cases are found within six weeks, the quarantine is cancelled. Currently, 13 quarantines have been cancelled. Strict restrictions are also imposed on the transport of live pig products: if two or more counties in the province have ASF, the pig products cannot be shipped outside the province. There are also restrictions on transportation within the province.
I hope that this art can be completed as soon as possible, so that consumers can be more assured.