The action of antiseptic
1 make the microbial protein denatured or solidified
There are a lot of proteins in microorganism, which can degrade or solidify proteins which can destroy the stereoconfiguration of proteins.
2 enzyme system that interferes with microbes
The activity of the enzyme in the microorganism is related to its active gene group. All the substances that can change or destroy the function of the active group of the intracellular enzyme can inhibit the activity of the microbial enzyme.
3 change the permeability of cell membrane
Cationic surfactant and phenols can alter cell membrane structure, interfere with its normal function, and then die after acting on microorganisms.