It is a natural pigment contained in plants. It is mainly found in the mature fruits of Solanaceae plants. It is one of the strongest antioxidants found in natural plants. It has been scientifically proved that singlet oxygen and oxygen free radicals in the body are the main culprit of human immune system. Lycopene free radical scavenging effect is far better than other carotenoids and vitamin E, its quenching singlet oxygen rate constant is 100 times of vitamin E. It can effectively prevent various diseases caused by aging and weakened immunity. Therefore, it is concerned by experts from all over the world.
English name: Lycopene
Chemical formula: C40H56
Molecular weight: 536.8726
It is more sensitive to oxidation reaction. After 12 hours of sunlight exposure, lycopene is basically destroyed.
Natural lycopene should be avoided in the process of extraction and application of iron and copper containers.
It is unstable to acids and stable to alkaloids, so lycopene is not suitable for acidic beverages when used as pigment.
The factors affecting the stability of lycopene are oxygen, light and metal ion pH, so the extraction, storage, processing and analysis of lycopene should be carried out under the condition of controlling environmental factors.
2 color ability
As a natural red pigment, lycopene is essential to maintain its strongest coloring power. There are two kinds of lycopene in tomato fruit: most of them are in slender, needle like crystalline form in coloured body, showing bright red. A small fraction (about 10%) is found in cells with protein forming complexes. Lycopene has different color and intensity in different forms, and it will show different colors with different solvents and media.
Lycopene is a fat soluble pigment, soluble in other lipids and non polar solvents, insoluble in water, difficult to dissolve Yu Qiang polar solvents such as methanol, ethanol, etc., soluble in fatty hydrocarbons, aromatic hydrocarbons and chlorohydrocarbons such as ethane, benzene, chloroform and other organic solvents.
It has the strongest antioxidant activity in carotenoids.
It has therapeutic effect on prostate enlargement and prevention and treatment of prostate cancer.
It can eliminate toxic substances in cigarette and vehicle wastes.
It has the function of activating immune cells. Lycopene has excellent health care performance, and has more development prospects than other carotenoids.
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